Photos & Pictures Of Turkey & Anatolia

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Pictures & Photos of Turkey and Ancient Anatolia

As the photos and pictures in these Turkey image collections demonstrate, Turkey is one of the most exciting and diverse countries on this planet. Some of the best examples of Roman and Greek remains can be found along the coast of Turkey form the great library of Celsius at Ephesus to best preserved Roman amphitheater at Aspendos. Nor does it stop here as even more ancient monuments can be found like the dramatic burial mound at the top of Mount Nemrut or the Lycian rock tombs at Mira. Those who like dramatic landscape will not be disappointed as the photos of Cappadocia and its dramatic rock formations show, or the images of sheep being herded along the edge of Lake Van in Eastern Turkey, just as they have been for millennia. There is something for everyone in Turkey from the Turquoise coast to the ancient cities of the silk road. We hope you enjoy the trip through these photo collections.



Ani archaelogical site, Turkey Ani archaelogical site,

Pictures & Photos of the Ruins of Ani, Turkey

Ani was one of the great cities of the Silk Road. Situated right on the eastern Turkish border with Armenian its is possible to see the wire netting and lookout towers of the border from the archaeological site. Ani was known as the city of City of 1001 Churches and a few ruined Armenian churches are left on the site. Ani point to a diverse culture with ruins of a Zoroastrian temple and a Seljuk Turk mosque. Set in high green steppe land and surrounded by a deep gorge Ani is an enigmatic archaeological site where the hub hub of a busy silk road trading centre can still be imagined.



Neo-Hittite orthostat Neo-Hittite orthostat

Ankara Museum of Anatolian Civilizations Pictures & Photos

One of the most important museums for Neo-Hittite art is the Ankara Museum of Anatolian Civilizations. It houses many orthostat panels depicting the epic of Gilgamesh. The style of Hittite art is cahrming and very easy to fall in love with. This photo collection shows some of the best examples of Neo-Hittite orthostats.



Akdamar , Turkey Akdamar Island, Turkey

Photos of the Armenian Cathedral church, Akdamar Island, Turkey

Situated on a small remote island in the beautiful mountain fringed Lake Van in eastern Turkey are the ruins of an Armenian monastery. This was the scene of a massacre in 1915 when Ottoman soldiers killed the monks on the Island during a conflict between Armenia and Turkey that has never been resolved to this day. The Armenian style cathedral is covered with wonderful medieval Armenian relief sculptures that depict scenes from the bible.



Aphrodisias, Turkey Aphrodisias, Turkey

Pictures & Photos of Aphrodisias Archaeological Site, Turkey

Situated on a small remote island in the beautiful mountain fringed Lake Van in eastern Turkey are the ruins of an Armenian monastery. This was the scene of a massacre in 1915 when Ottoman soldiers killed the monks on the Island during a conflict between Armenia and Turkey that has never been resolved to this day. The Armenian style cathedral is covered with wonderful medieval Armenian relief sculptures that depict scenes from the bible.

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 Roman relief sculpture, Aphrodisias Roman relief sculpture, Aphrodisias

Photos of Aphrodisias Archaeological Museum, Turkey

Aphrodisias Archaeological Museum is situated at the Aphrodisias Archaeological site 230 km (140 miles) inland from the western Turkish coast. The purpose built building houses the incredible relief from the Roman temple of Aphroditie. The scenes of the sculptures depict Greek Gods and Roman Emperors and their great victories.



 the Apollo Smintheion, Turkey the Apollo Smintheion, Turkey

Pictures of The Appollo Smintheion Temple, Turkey

The small Hellenistic Apollo Smintheion Archaeological site had the ruins of a Temple of dedicated rather bizarrely to Apollo as a Slayer of Mice. This was not a God from a Monty Python sketch but the result of a rather vague pronouncement by the Oracle of Delphi, who told the Greeks that consulted her about their journey to settle where they were overrun by the "sons of the earth". When they were over run by mice they took this to be where the Oracle meant them to settle so they built the ancient of town of Khryse and nearly and the ancient Ionic Temple of Apollo Smintheion.



Roman Theatre of Aspendos, Turkey. Roman Theatre of Aspendos, Turkey.

Aspendos Roman Ampitheatre Pictures & Photos. Turkey

The Roman Ampitheatre of Aspendos is the one of best preserved in the Asia Minor. 96 metres in diameter it can seat 7000 the csaenae frond or backdrop wall is still intact. Following Hellenistic traditions the theatre is built into the hillside below the Acropolis with a backdrop that is still intact. The rest of the building design is Roman..



Hot Air Baloons  Cappadocia Turkey Hot Air Baloons Cappadocia Turkey

Pictures & Photos of Cappadocia Hot Air Baloons, Turkey

Cruising slowly over Cappadocia amongst its spectacular rock formations is one of the top ten things to do in Turkey. Every morning a hundred or so hot air baloons rise into the still morning air at sunrise over Cappadocia, Turkey.


 Sultan Ahmed or Blue Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey. Sultan Ahmed or Blue Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey.

Pictures & Photos of the Blue Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey

Designed from Hagia Sophia that stands opposite it the Blue Mosque is a high point of the classical period being a fusion of Ottoman & Byzantine elements. It was designed by Mehmet Aga, its second architect as the first was executed because his skills were found wanting.

Normally mosques have a maximum of 4 minarets, the exception being the Grand Mosque in Mecca, the focal point of the Islamic world. It shows grand designs of Sultan Ahmet that the Blue Mosque was controversially designed with 6 minarets also



Fairy Chimneys , Cappadocia Turkey Fairy Chimneys , Cappadocia Turkey

Pictures & Photos of Cappadocia, Turkey

The rock formations of Cappadocia are a magical landscape out of a fairy tale. These strangely eroded pillar of volcanic tuft have been cave dwelling since pre-history. To escape persecution by the Romans, early Christians came to Cappadocia and carved out whole monasteries into cliff faces. Today it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and should be on anyones to 20 places to visit list.



 Kariye Museum, Istanbul Kariye Museum, Istanbul

Photos of Chora or Kariye Museum Mosaics, Istanbul Turkey

There is little Byzantien art left in Istanbul so it was of major importance when the mosaics of the Kariye mosque, formerly the Chora church, were discovered hidden under plaster when the building was converted to a mosque. The mosaics were made between 1315-1321 just 100 years or so before the fall of Constantinople. This final period of the Byzantine Empire saw an explosion of humanist thinking that went on to influence the Florentines and started the Renaissance. The mosaics were commissioned by Theodore Metochites ( 1270–1332 ) who was a poet and humanist scholar and government minister. When he fell out of favour he ended his life as a monk in the Chora monastery.



Ferry row boat Dalyan,Turkey Ferry row boat Dalyan,Turkey

Pictures & Photos of Dalyan & Iztuzu Beach, Turkey

Concervationalists held their breath and protested when it was announce that a hotel was to be built on Iztuzu Beach, a famous breeding ground of the endangered loggerhead sea turtle. In 1988 the beach was designated a Special Environment Protection area after plans were rejected and the turtles breathed a sigh of relief. Today the beach is a popular destination as is the delta that has formed behind it in which the small town of Dalyan is situated. The lycians and Romans had a port here before the harbour silted up. Remains of both civilisations can be seen at Dalyan.



The library of Celsus  Ephasus, Turkey. The library of Celsus Ephasus, Turkey.

Pictures & Photos of Ephesus, Turkey

Concervationalists held their breath and protested when it was announce that a hotel was to be built on Iztuzu Beach, a famous breeding ground of the endangered loggerhead sea turtle. In 1988 the beach was designated a Special Environment Protection area after plans were rejected and the turtles breathed a sigh of relief. Today the beach is a popular destination as is the delta that has formed behind it in which the small town of Dalyan is situated. The lycians and Romans had a port here before the harbour silted up. Remains of both civilisations can be seen at Dalyan.



Roman mosaics. Great Palace, Istanbul, Turkey. Roman mosaics. Great Palace, Istanbul, Turkey.

Great Palace Roman Mosaics Photos, Istanbul, Turkey

When Constantinople was taken by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II in 1453, he stopped the sacking of the city as he wanted Constantinople to be the main city of his Empire. Slowly though Christian churches were converted to mosques and the Old Palaces of the new Istanbul were replaced. in 1609 to 1616 Sultan Ahmed I decided to Build the Blue Mosque ontop of the old Roman Byzantine Emperors Palace, The Great Palace, and it was thought that its treasures were lost forever. Excavations though have revealed some Roman mosaics from the Great Palace which have now become a museum.



Hagia Sophia ( Ayasofya ) , Istanbul, Turkey Hagia Sophia ( Ayasofya ) , Istanbul, Turkey

Pictures & Images of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey

When Emperor Justinian entered his new Basilica of Hagia Sophia, "Holy Wisdom", he was reported as saying "Solomon I have outdone thee". and indeed Justinian had for it would be another 1000 years before the dome of Hagia Sophia would be surpassed. Today fragments of the original mosics that adorned the whole of the inside of the church have been found and revealed and they hint at the dazzling interior that Justinian saw when entering Hagia Sophia 1500 years ago. Today Hagia Sophia is still an impressive building and one can only marvel at the engineering skills the Romans had in the 6th century.



Hot air baloons in Cappadocia Turkey Hot air baloons in Cappadocia Turkey

Selective Colour Photo Art of Cappadocia, Turkey

Art pictures, photos & images of Cappadocia ( Capadocia, Kapadokya, ) hot air balloons, Anatolia, Turkey. Selective colour pictures of Hot air balloons cruising slowly over Cappadocia amongst its spectacular rock formations.



Harran Turkey Harran Turkey

Pictures & Photos of Harran, Turkey

When you read that a city destroyed and abandoned during the Mongol invasions it is hard to imagine what that means. This happened to Harran and a strange sight of city walls that surround a totally levelled area inside awaits visitors to the old city. AAll that stands today is the atrological observation tower and a few arches and at one end of the old town some mud beehive houses that are identical in design and dimension to the Trulli in Alberobello. The reasons for these beehive houses being in Harran and nowhere around have been lost over time and any links with the Trulli have been lost and remain a mystery.



Hasankeyf Turkey Hasankeyf Turkey

Pictures & Photos of Hasankeyf, Turkey

Hasankeyf is situated on the banks of the Tigris, Turkey. The Romans had built the Cephe fortress on the site and the city became the Kiphas fortress and a bishopric under the Byzantine Empire. It was conquered by the Arabs, in ca. 640, renamed Hisn Kayf. The city was captured and sacked by the Mongols in 1260 and today its ruins are baked by the sun and its ruined bridge make one of the most picturesque scenes in csouthern Turkey.



Lion gate Hattusa, Turkey Lion gate Hattusa, Turkey

Pictures & Photos of Hattusha (Hattusa), Turkey

The Hittite Empire was one of the great Anatolian (Turkey) civilsations. Ruling from its capital Hattusa it grew to rival Egypt in power and if it had not suffered from the mysterious Bronze Age Collapse and dissapeared it have gone opn to rule for a longer period. Hattusha and its associated sancutuary of Yazılıkaya are UNESCO World Heritage Sites



Hittite art Sculpture Hittite art Sculpture

Photos & Images of Hittite Art Relief Sculptures

Hittite art has a very infectious style that makes it very easy to like. It strange mythical beings and the naivety of the style depict a fantasy world that is still familiar to modern fairy tale readers. The Hittite style is immediately recognisable and is a wonderful gist from a great Anatolian Empire



Ishak Pasha Palace Turkey Ishak Pasha Palace Turkey

Pictures & Photos of The Ishak Pasha Palace,Turkey

The Ishak Pasha Palace in Eastern Turkey is a fine example of Ottoman architecture. After the Tokapi Palace in Istanbul the Ishak Pasha Palace was the second Ottoman admisnisrative centre. Sitting high on a mountain side with rugged mountain peaksabove, the Ishak Pasha Palace gives a real sense of what the glory days of the Ottoman Empire.



Istanbul Turkey. Istanbul Turkey.

Pictures & Photos of Istanbul, Turkey

Byzantium was a small Roman trading city on the Bosphorus until Emperor Constantine recognized its strategic potential and made it the capital of the Roman Empire. Constantinople, as it was renamed, became a glittering city with magnificent buildings that were the envy of all. Many great powers tried to take Constantinople but all failed until 1204 when the so called 4th Crusade, egged on by the Venetian Doges Dandolo, turned on its Byzantine Roman hosts and sacked the city. It was retaken by the Byzantine Romans but having been looted it had lost much of its glitter and prestige. In 1453 Constantinople was taken again by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II in 1453 and renamed Istanbul. It became the capital of the Ottoman Empire and regained its status and was endowed with new glittering buildings that still amaze visitors today.



Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, Turkey Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, Turkey

Pictures & Photos of Iznik Islamic Tile art

Following Islamic religious rules against worshiping false idols , the depiction of God and the profits and religious characters in religious art was banned. This led to an art that was based on geometric Arabesque designs well suited to tile designs and the Iznik tile is the best example of this art form. Once Suleyman the magnificent's wife, Hurrem (Roxelana), became big fans of Iznik ceramics and used Iznik tiles to decorate their palace, they became the fashionable choice for all well discerning Ottoman's. The Sultan Ahmed Mosque, better known as the Blue Mosque, contains over 20,000 Iznik tiles to adorn its interior and they are used in the Topkapi palace to spectacular effect of opulence.



Kaunos Lycian rock tombs, Turkey Kaunos Lycian rock tombs, Turkey

Photos of Kaunos Archaeological Site, Daylan, Turkey

In the 5th cent. B.C Kaunos was a city on the border of Lycia and Caria. The rock tombs on the edge of Kaunos are fronted with Hellenistic Ionic order temple fronts. Similar to Lycian rock tombs except that the rock is carved around the sides of the tombs almost making them freestanding. The rock tombs are cut into the cliffs above the River Dalyan that runs below.



The Mevlana museum, Konya, Turkey The Mevlana museum, Konya, Turkey

Photos of the Konya & Mevlana or Rumi Mauseleum, Turkey

Mevlana or Rumi was a 13th century Sufi mystic poset from Konya, Turkey. Apart from his poetry Rumi is famed for his discovery that turning around constantly helps meditation. He created an order of Dervishes who are now world famous for their whirring dance.



Lycian Sarcophagus Lycian Sarcophagus

Pictures & Photos of Lycian Rock Tombs & Art

It is also thought that the Lycians were one of the 'Sea Peoples' who invaded the Hittite Empire around 1200 BC .By 1300 B.C, Lycia emerged as a confederation of fiercely independent city states along the high mountains of Agean coast between Fethiye and Antalya. Homer mentions Lycia as being an ally of Troy.



Magnesia arcaeological site, Turkey Magnesia arcaeological site, Turkey

Pictures of Magnesia Achaeological Site, Turkey

Magnesia was an important Greek city state in Anatolia that is situated between Priene Ephasus and Trailles in the fertile Maeander river valley. The history of Magnesia followed the same pattern as other cities in Ionia. For a time it came under Lydian rule then around 560 BC the city came under Persian rule. The area then swapped between Persian & Greek rule until Alexander The Great conquered Persia in 334 BC.



Lycian rock tombs Turkey. Lycian rock tombs Turkey.

Pictures & Photos of Myra Lycian Rock Tombs, Turkey

Myra became part of the Lycian alliance in 168 B.C and was one of the largest towns in the alliance. There are 2 necropolis of Lycian rock cut tombs in Myra. The tombs are cut into the rock and fronted with temple fronts.


Nemrut Dagi, Turkey Nemrut Dagi, Turkey

Photos of Mount Nemrut Dagi Statues, Turkey

In the first century BC, the Roman-Persian king Antiochus I of Commagene decided to leave his mark on the world he created one of the most dramatically set tombs in the world. Mount Dagi was the highest peak in his kingdom so he had the top leveled. When he died he was buried in a mausoleum in the centre of this leveled area and then by decree everyone of his subjects climbed Mount Nemrut with a rock and placed it on top of Antiochus's tomb. The end result was an impenetrable vast pyramid of loose stones guarded by statues of the gods and Antiochus that are still there today.



Pamukkale, Turkey Pamukkale, Turkey

Pictures & Photos of Pamukkale, Turkey

One of the great natural formations of Turkey are the Pamukkale travertine terraces. These extraordinary water cascades have been fascination people since Greek times. Pamukkale is such an incredible natural feature that it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site


Pergamon (Bergama) Archaeological Site, Turkey Pergamon (Bergama) Archaeological Site, Turkey

Photos of Pergamon (Bergama) Ancient Archaeological, Turkey

A library between the lucrative trade of copying books between the famous libraries of Pergamon, in Turkey, & Alexandria, in Egypt, resulted in the Egyptians banning the export of Papyrus, the only known material at the time to write on. Not to be done down the Library of Pergamon invented parchment made from animal skin and bound it into codex so producing the first book. The library of Alexander won eventually though when Cleopatra suggested to Anthony, ruler of Roman Pergamon, that the books of the Pergamon Library would make her nice present.


Perge (Perga) archaeological site, Turkey Perge (Perga) archaeological site, Turkey

Photos of Perge ( Perga ) Archaeological Site, Turkey

Perga used to be one of the most beautiful cities of the Ancient world. Today it is a popular Archaeological Site just inland from Antalya, Turkey



Ottoman style houses of Safranbolu, Turkey. Ottoman style houses of Safranbolu, Turkey.

Pictures & Photos of Safranbolu, Turkey

Safranbolu grew rich by trading safron along the Silk Road. When the Ottomans ruled Safranbolu they built half timbered Ottoman style houses sit high on windowless stables rooms. Each mansion had a male and female (harem) area and were well insulated. They are characterised by their overhanging eves and rooms that jut out from the building supported by wooden braces. The caravan trade of the Silk Route reached its peak in the 16th century before its eventual demise to shipping.



]Sardis archaeological site, Turkey. Sardis archaeological site, Turkey.

Photos of Sardis Archaeological Site, Turkey

King Croesus became famous for his wealth which he made at Sardis. The streanms that flow out of mountains around Sardis are full of flecks of gold. The gold was mined by trapping the small flakes in sheeps skins laid in the streams creating a "golden Fleece". From this Croesus created the first with that had a consitant gold content making it a reliable currency that was used all over the ancient world.



The Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, Turkey The Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, Turkey

Pictures & Photos of The Topkapi Palace, Istanbul

The understated architecture of the Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, mask its lavish and exotic interior. The Topkapi Palace Harem interior is lavishly decorated with arabesque Iznik tiles in a multutude of colours. No expense was spared on the Topkapi Palace as depicted the Sultan of the great Ottoman Empire.



Tlos Turkey Tlos Turkey

Photos of Tlos Lycian Rock Tombs, Turkey

Tlos, situated in the Xanthos Valley, is one of the most important centers of the Lycian cities of the region. Tlos is known as the city where mythological hero Bellerophon and his winged flying horse Pegasus lived.



Troy archaeological site, Turkey Troy archaeological site, Turkey

Photos of Troy Archaeological Site, Turkey

When you visit Troy you had better turn up you imagination to maximum because there is little to see arat from a few walls and a tiny Roman Theatre. In deperation a wooden horse has been built to be photographed by. In 1870 German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann dug a wide deep trench across part of the site ruining any chances leaving anything visually interesting to visitor. New parts of Troy are being excaveted exposing wall fragments but with the absense of Temples or any substantial ruins, unless you are an entusiast, it is probably better to stay at home and watch the film.



Picture of Mount Suphan Lake Van Turkey Picture of Mount Suphan Lake Van Turkey

Pictures & Photos of Lake Van, Turkey

Lake Van was at the heart of the great power struggles between the Persian, Armenians, Romans, Byzantines and the Sejuk Turks. Today Van feels like time has stood still. Surrounded by snow capped mountains little has changed around Lake Van for hundreds of years. This makes it a compulsive destination for the entrepid travel who can take advantage of some unspoilt trecking to high volcanic mountain tops to get some of the most spectacular views in Turkey.



The Lycian "Harpy Tomb", Xanthos, Turkey The Lycian "Harpy Tomb", Xanthos, Turkey

Pictures & Photos of Xanthos Archaeological Site, Turkey

There is little to see at Xanthos Archaeological Site, Turkey for the casual visitor apart from a large Ampitheatre. The best remains of Xanthos are in the British museum so this photo gallery combines photos from Xanthos with pictures of the Xanthos museum exhibits in the British Museum